Irshava district



Irshava district is situated in the central part of Transcarpathian region within the boundaries of Borzhava and Volcanic mountain ranges, Irshava valley and Transcarpathian Lowland. The highest peak is Mount Buzhora (1081 m). There are lots of ponds and forests there; Borzhava River with its tributaries Irshava and Kushnytsia flows through it.

The first settlements here appeared during the Neolithic age (c. 5000 BC), as evidenced by the archaeological finds on the outskirts of Irshava (on Lozyanska Mount), near the villages Chornyi Potik, Ilnytsia, Ardanovo. There is also a unique monument - Kolodnyanski kurgans that represent Kushtanovytska culture. In the district there have been discovered Scythian kurgans as well as hillforts of different epochs and cultures in the villages of Ardanovo and Bilky, on the mountains Badaniv and Stremtura.

On the 7th of June, 1703, in Irshava district, near the village Dovhe, the first memorable battle of kuruc rebels happened that later entered the history of Hungarian War of Independence. In 1865 near the village Ilnytsya the first Transcarpathian coal mine was opened.

An important part in economic growth of the district played the construction of Borzhava narrow gauge railway, the so-called commercial railway that continues to function even nowadays.

The tourists will doubtlessly be interested in Charming Land National Park, which contains two unique natural sites of national importance: natural landmark Smerekovyi Kamin (near Ilnytsia village), renowned in Ukraine as the most peculiar rock massif, and unique for Europe, rare raised sphagnum bog Chorne boloto. The hikers will be attracted by the mountains Kuk and Buzhora from the top of which a panoramic view of The Borzhava Mountain Valley opens up. In the interfluve between Borzhava and Irshava rivers gardens and vineyards are spread out as well as fields planted with vegetables.

Worth visiting:
  • Unique wooden churches: villages Lokit, Deshkovytsia
  • Monasteries: Orthodox convent in Pryborzhavske, Greek-Catholic convent in Imstychovo
  • Smithy museum Hamora, Lysychevo village
  • Working watermill, Pryborzhavske village
  • Family fortress palace of Count Teleki (1712-1798, now – tuberculosis dispensary), Dovhe
  • Bronka castle (14th-15th c.), Bronka

Nature reserves

  • Geological reserve “Zacharovana dolyna” (Enchanted Valley)
    A picturesque intermountain basin at the source of Smerekovyi stream (Irshava’s tributary) with peculiar stone formations (folk name – Smerekovyi Kamin (Stone)) 20-100 m high. There is a cave with mineral spring.
  • Bog "Chorne bahno" (Black bog)
    Situated not far away from Mount Buzhora at the altitude of 800 m, this sphagnum bog is of great scientific hydrological importance. The investigation of the plant remains, which are taken from different layers, allows studying the history of their development during the last Ice Age.
Important information:
ServiceAddressPhone number
Irshava District Council3 Narodna Square+38 (03144) 2-11-42
Irshava City Council2 Narodna Square+38 (03144) 2-26-42
Telephone number information centre +38 (031) 991-09-11
District hospital16 Komarova Street+38 (03144) 2-24-31
24-hour pharmacies9 T. Shevchenka Avenue,
29 Lokoty Street
+38 (03144) 2-28-92
+38 (067) 370-11-36
Pharmacies12 Gagarina Street
5 Komarova Street
+38 (03144) 2-18-16,
+38 (03144) 2-28-92
Post office32 T. Shevchenka Street+38 (03144) 2-10-00, +38 (067) 400-91-88
 
Photos
 Palace-fortress of counts Tekeli-Dovhai (1712-1798), Dovhe
 Palace-fortress of counts Tekeli-Dovhai (1712-1798), Dovhe
 Palace-fortress of counts Tekeli-Dovhai (1712-1798), Dovhe
 Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary (1911), Dovhe
 The monastery (18th cen.): St. Michael church and monastery cells, Imstychovo
 The monastery (18th cen.): St. Michael church, Imstychovo
 The watermill, Pryborzhavske
 Stij (Stoj) mountain (Borzhava mountain range)
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