Vynohradiv district is situated in the south of Transcarpathian region and borders on Hungary and Romania. Its major part is taken up by lowland; the highest peak is Mount Chorna (Black Mountain, 570 m) in the town’s suburbs. Borzhava and Tisza rivers play a significant role in the terrain formation.
The district was called Vynohradiv (vynohrad (ukr.) — grapes) for a reason: it has been long renowned for its vineyards. Its middle-age emblem represents a bunch of grapes, fish, an oak twig and a legendary black crayfish that was believed to live in Bator River. They grow lots of grape varieties in the district: Isabella, pink Lydia, Vilder, Noah, pink Delaware, Othello and many others. In Vynohradiv there is a wine cellar that was built in 1972. The vault cut in Mount Chorna was shaped as a horseshoe and is 350 m long, 2300 m2. All year round the temperature there is +11-14°С. In huge ornately carved oak barrels 700 000 liters of wine are aging at once. Annually, traditional regional winemakers’ festival is held in Vynohradiv, which is attended by not only Transcarpathian winemakers, but also by those from the neighbouring countries.
Vynohradiv district has an interesting history. It was here, near Korolevo village, where the earliest evidence of human activity in Ukraine and Central Europe has been discovered, dating back to 1 million years ago.
At the end of the 1st millennium BC, the district was conquered by Getic-Dacian tribes (the Thracians) who defeated Celts. The Dacians built strong fortifications using the lay of the land (river curves, elevations) and previous settlements. These fortifications were used to secure trade routes (Transcarpathian salt was highly valued already in those times) and in case of war. The Dacians achieved their peak prosperity at the end of the 1st century BC. In 103-106 the legions of the Roman emperor Marcus Ulpius Traianus defeated the Dacians and destroyed Setidava town near contemporary village Mala Kopanya. Recently, the archaeological expedition of Uzhhorod national university has discovered there a unique find. During the town excavation male and female burials have been found that contained gold jewelry, dating back to 80-70 years BC, and armaments of the riders of military aristocracy — seven Celtic and three Dacian swords of the 1st c. BC.
|District Council||5 Myru Square, Vynohradiv||+38 (03143) 2-62-94|
|Tourism Department of District Administration||3 Myru Square, Vynohradiv||+38 (03143) 2-17-58, 2-65-50|
|Telephone number information centre||+38 (031) 991-09-11|
|District hospital||13 Likarnyana Street, Vynohradiv||+38 (03143) 2-23-41|
|Pharmacy||16 Myru Street, Vynohradiv||+38 (03143) 2-20-96|
|Post office||41 Myru Street, Vynohradiv||+38 (03143) 2-11-03, 2-14-56|
|Mountain search and rescue service||+38 (03143) 2-61-28|