In early XX c. the first private collection was formed in Yaremche. It numbered more than 700 exhibits — articles of art and things of every day life of Hutsuls. It became the base of the first museum in the region. In 1963 the museum of regional ethnography was opened in Yaremche.
The modern original building of the museum was erected in 1967. Architect V. Stasiv was the author of the project. In 2007 the museum got its modern name — Museum of Ethnography and Ecology of Carpathian Region.
The museum regularly organizes interesting exhibitions, thematic meetings with local artists, writers and public figures.