Myślenice County (Pol. powiat myślenicki) is one of 19 land counties (powiat zemski) of Lesser Poland Voivodeship. It has an area of 673,3 km², with the population of over 122,000, the population density is 182,1 p/km². Its administrative centre is Myślenice. It came into being on January 1, 1999 as a result of an administrative reform.
According to the excavation data the first setllements on the site of modern Myślenice appeared in pagan times. People settled here by the fountain at the foot of Plebańska Mountain. According to researches, on the territory of Plebańska Mountain tract an ancient pagan temple once stood, on this place the first Catholic Church was built at Christian times. This church hasn't remained to the present day. Chapel of Saint Mary of the Snow is considered to be one of the oldest monuments of the sacred architecture in Myślenice, dating back to the 17th century.